The law also grants shareholders certain remedies, often with an action for damages for breach or other remedies. Under Section 212 of the Act, the High Court has broad powers to resolve shareholder disputes where the Tribunal considers that the affairs of the corporation are conducted or that the powers of the directors of the corporation are exercised in a manner that oppresses a shareholder or does not respect the interests of a shareholder as a member of the corporation. Under Section 212, the High Court may issue an injunction, as it deems appropriate, including by prohibiting or prohibiting any act or cancellation or modification of a transaction, or to regulate the conduct of the company`s affairs in the future or for the purchase of a shareholder`s shares. In cases such as this, the High Court will often order a shareholder to buy the shares of another shareholder and resurrect the repurchase of the shares of one or more shareholders. In addition, a disgruntled shareholder may also apply for a contract under Section 569 of the Company`s Liquidation Act. Again, the High Court may issue such an injunction if it believes that it is fair and fair. Standard constitutions, developed by corporate training agencies, audit firms or law firms, will contain several important provisions regarding a company`s internal regulation. However, most of them do not address many internal regulatory issues that shareholders might consider necessary for a company to function properly in the event of further consideration of the issue. Of course, it is possible to adapt the Constitution to a company so that it deals more broadly with these issues.
However, conciliation also has its drawbacks. A party to the dispute under a shareholders` pact may feel that the dispute could be resolved more quickly or effectively by a court, but the other party may insist that the matter be referred to an arbitrator and may obtain a court order that abandons the legal process until the arbitration is implemented. Another drawback of the arbitration route (from the point of view, of course) is that the arbitrator`s decision is generally expressed as binding and cannot be challenged, with very limited exceptions, whereas a circuit court or High Court decision can normally be challenged in a higher court. However, note that a shareholder contract is a contract. A party may, at any time, take legal action against the contract if a shareholder violates the agreement. A cash call often occurs as a last resort. As a general rule, cash call clauses provide that where the company needs additional funds and this financing cannot be obtained outside, shareholders are required to make the company available in a barbaric manner in relation to their holding of shares.